For some reason, a contingent of CS-39 Campus Radicals trekked (or trucked?) down to Webb AFB, TX, (near Big Spring – singular, not plural) to attend a dining-in and graduation ceremony for their spring 1976 UPT (Undergraduate Pilot Training) class. I can’t remember if they were our squadron sponsor or what the affiliation was, but I have photos of their Wing Commander, Colonel Owens, talking to us in our SAR and also at a squadron party that was held (probably) earlier that spring.
This trip serves as an example of the kinds of off-campus activities we had the opportunity to experience as cadets. In addition, this particular event was worthy of two footnotes, from two different historical contexts that I explain below.
Note that the graduation ceremony recognized not only seventeen US Air Force officers, but also ten international officers who received a “Certificate of Completion.” Of these ten foreign lieutenants, six were from Iran, four were from Kuwait.
Again, this was in late April or early May of 1976. (Based on the letter below.) Eighteen months later, the early rumblings of the Iranian Revolution began with protests in Tehran against the Shah of Iran, Mohammed Reza Pahlavi. After that:
- The Shah and his family fled Iran in January 1979.
- The Ayatollah Khomeini returned to Iran from exile in France.
- In February, forces loyal to the Shah surrendered to Revolutionary forces.
- Two months later the Iranian people voted to validate the Revolution by creating a new constitution that established the position of a “supreme leader.”
- In October 1979, the exiled Shah was allowed to enter the United States for medical treatment. This enraged the Revolutionary forces in Iran, who demanded the U.S. return the Shah to Iran to account for his family’s brutal rule over Iran.
- On 6 November 1979, a group of radical Revolutionary students stormed the U.S. Embassy in Tehran and took 52 American diplomats hostage.
- After almost six months of Iranian refusal to negotiate for the release of the American hostages, President Jimmy Carter ordered the rescue mission code named “Eagle Claw.” The plans called for a rendezvous of Delta Force special operations helicopters and C-130 tankers at an isolated location outside of Tehran code named “Desert One.”
- The rescue attempt failed. Eight members of the rescue team died and several others were injured, including burns.
- One of our classmates, Jeffrey B. Harrison (CS-16), survived the ordeal. He returned and continued his service to the nation and the Air Force, retiring as Colonel in 2006. You can read his account of the Desert One experience here.
I remember Jeff from the freshmen football team in 1972.
A second footnote to this trip to Big Spring and Webb AFB. In going through my attic boxes, I found this letter that provides some focus to my blurred memories. If you don’t recognize the name of Wilson “Connie” Edwards, check this out.